web璧勬簮闃茬洍閾

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nginx闃茬洍閾惧疄鐜版柟娉

Referer
– nginx妯″潡ngx_http_referer_module 鐢ㄤ簬闃绘尅鏉ユ簮闈炴硶鐨勫煙鍚嶈姹
– nginx鎸囦护valid_referers,鍏ㄥ眬鍙橀噺$invalid_referer
– 璇硶: valid_referers none | blocked | server_names | string …;
none锛氱己灏戔淩eferer鈥濊姹傚ご锛
blocked锛氣淩eferer鈥 璇锋眰澶村瓨鍦紝浣嗘槸瀹冪殑鍊艰闃茬伀澧欐垨鑰呬唬鐞嗘湇鍔″櫒鍒犻櫎锛涜繖浜涘奸兘涓嶄互鈥渉ttp://鈥 鎴栬 鈥渉ttps://鈥 瀛楃涓蹭綔涓哄紑澶达紱
server_names锛氣淩eferer鈥 璇锋眰澶村寘鍚煇涓櫄鎷熶富鏈哄悕锛
string …锛氫换鎰忓瓧绗︿覆瀹氫箟涓涓湇鍔″櫒鍚嶅拰鍙夌殑URI鍓嶇紑銆傛湇鍔″櫒鍚嶅厑璁稿湪寮澶存垨缁撳熬浣跨敤鈥*鈥濈鍙枫 褰搉ginx妫鏌ユ椂锛屸淩eferer鈥濊姹傚ご閲岀殑鏈嶅姟鍣ㄧ鍙e皢琚拷鐣ャ
涓句釜渚嬪瓙锛屼慨鏀逛竴涓嬮厤缃枃浠秐ginx.conf

location ~* \.(gif|jpg|png|swf|flv|bmp)$ {
 valid_referers none blocked *.liguoqi.site liguoqi.site;
  if ($invalid_referer) {
   return 403;
  }
}

褰撶劧杩欎釜referer杩樻槸鍙互妯℃嫙鐨勶紝鎵浠ヨ鏇寸粷鎯呬竴鐐圭殑鍔炴硶灏辨槸浣跨敤鍔犲瘑锛岄渶瑕佷娇鐢ㄤ竴涓涓夋柟鐨勫姞瀵嗘ā鍧桯TTP Access Key妯″潡

location /download {
  accesskey             on;
  accesskey_hashmethod  md5;
  accesskey_arg         "key";
  accesskey_signature   "mypass$remote_addr";
}

apache闃茬洍閾惧疄鐜版柟娉

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "/data/www"
    ServerName www.test.com
    ErrorLog "logs/test.com_error_log"
    CustomLog "logs/test.com_access_log" combined
    SetEnvIfNoCase Referer "^http://.*\.test\.com" local_ref    # 琛ㄧず鍙湁 test.com 鍜 abc.com 鐨勮闂墠鍏佽锛屽叾浠栫殑閮芥嫆缁
    SetEnvIfNoCase Referer ".*\. abc\.com" local_ref
    <filesmatch "\.(txt|doc|mp3|zip|rar|jpg|gif|png)">
        Order Allow,Deny
        Allow from env=local_ref
        Deny from all
    </filesmatch>
</VirtualHost>

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